HISTORY AND ROLE
Creation of Border Security Force
Till 1965 India’s borders with Pakistan were manned by the State
Armed Police Battalions.Pakistan attacked Sardar Post, Chhar Bet
and Boria Bet on 9 April, 1965 in Kutchh. This exposed the
inadequacy of the State Armed Police to cope up with the armed
aggression due to which the Government of India felt the need
for a specialized centrally controlled Border Security Force,
which would be armed and trained to man the International Border
with Pakistan. As a result of the recommendations of the
Committee of Secretaries, the Border Security Force came into
existence on 01 Dec 1965 under Shri K F Rustamji. founding
father, as the first chief of the Force.
Creation of South Bengal Frontier
On creation of BSF in 1965, Calcutta was chosen as the
Headquarters of Eastern Frontier of BSF to administer & command
the forces deployed all along the Eastern Frontier. Sh P K Basu,
IPS, was chosen to lead this newly created Frontier. The
vastness and spread of the eastern border along East Pakistan
and now Bangladesh demanded close supervision. Shillong Frontier
was carved out from Eastern Frontier on 3rd june1971. The HQ of
Eastern Frontier at Kolkata became the HQ of West Bengal
Frontier. The West Bengal Frontier was again divided into South
Bengal and North Bengal FTR on 23rd April 1988 and on 1st
September 2010, a new Frontier namely, Malda was carved out of
South Bengal .
Shri Ravi Kumar Ponoth is the
present Inspector General of the South Bengal Frontier.
ROLE OF THE BSF
“SECURITY OF THE BORDERS of India and matters connected
TASKS OF THE BSF
The tasks of the BSF are divided into two groups as follows:
(a) Peace time
1. Promote a sense of security among the border population.
2. Prevent trans-border crimes, unauthorized entry into or exit
from the territory of India.
3. Prevent smuggling and other illegal activities.
4. In the last few years the BSF has, in addition to its duties,
been deployed for counter insurgency and internal security
(b) War Time
1. Holding ground in less threatened sectors.
2. Protection of vital installations.
3. Assistance in controlling refugees.
4. Anti-infiltration duties in specified areas.
“Any task, anytime, anywhere” and the BSF has given blood and
sweat to execute its motto”
“JIVAN PARYANT KARTABYA”