South Bengal Frontier
India's First Line of Defence
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Creation of Border Security Force

Shri K F Rustamji, IP

Till 1965 India’s borders with Pakistan were manned by the State Armed Police Battalions.Pakistan attacked Sardar Post, Chhar Bet and Boria Bet on 9 April, 1965 in Kutchh. This exposed the inadequacy of the State Armed Police to cope up with the armed aggression due to which the Government of India felt the need for a specialized centrally controlled Border Security Force, which would be armed and trained to man the International Border with Pakistan. As a result of the recommendations of the Committee of Secretaries, the Border Security Force came into existence on 01 Dec 1965 under Shri K F Rustamji founding father, as the first chief of the Force.

Creation of South Bengal Frontier

Shri P K Basu, IPS

On creation of BSF in 1965, Calcutta was chosen as the Headquarters of Eastern Frontier of BSF to administer & command the forces deployed all along the Eastern Frontier. Sh P K Basu, IPS, was chosen to lead this newly created Frontier. The vastness and spread of the eastern border along East Pakistan and now Bangladesh demanded close supervision. Shillong Frontier was carved out from Eastern Frontier on 3rd june1971. The HQ of Eastern Frontier at Kolkata became the HQ of West Bengal Frontier. The West Bengal Frontier was again divided into South Bengal and North Bengal FTR on 23rd April 1988.

Shri Y B Khurania, IPS is the present Inspector General of the South Bengal Frontier.

Role of the BSF

Security of the Borders of India and matters connected therewith.

Tasks of the BSF

The tasks of the BSF are divided into two groups as follows:

(I) Peace time

  • Promote a sense of security among the border population.
  • Prevent trans-border crimes, unauthorized entry into or exit from the territory of India.
  • Prevent smuggling and other illegal activities.
  • In the last few years the BSF has, in addition to its duties, been deployed for counter       insurgency and internal security duties also.

(II) War Time

  • Holding ground in less threatened sectors.
  • Protection of vital installations.
  • Assistance in controlling refugees.
  • Anti-infiltration duties in specified areas.


Any task, anytime, anywhere and the BSF has given blood and sweat to execute its motto


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